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Investor Jepang Jajaki Bisnis Pertanian di Indonesia

Investor Daily Indoensia | Rabu, 27 Maret 2019

Investor Jepang Jajaki Bisnis Pertanian di Indonesia

Kementerian Pertanian (Kementan) menyatakan bahwa sejumlah investor Jepang tengah menjajaki bisnis di sektor pertanian Indonesia. Investor itu di antaranya Chemical Business Global Kao Corporation yang menyatakan minatnya untuk mengembangkan produk biomassa dan produk pertanian Indonesia dengan menggunakan teknologi modern. Atase Pertanian Indonesia Nuryanti mengaku telah menerima kunjungan investor Jepang, Chemical Business Global Kao Corporation yang diwakili oleh Hiroshi Hashimoto dan Takehiro Tsutsumi. Dengan investasi dari investor tersebut, diharapkan tidak ada lagi limbah industri tapioka yang tersisa karena digunakan untuk bahan baku bioetanol. “Kita sangat senang mendengar paparan dan rencana mereka dalam mengembangkan teknologi industri yang ramah lingkungan. Sejauh ini, penerapannya masih menjadi pekerjaan rumah yang besar dan harus segera diselesaikan, terlebih industri tapioka yang banyak mengandung limbah dan menimbulkan polusi udara serta air. Teknologi mereka sudah modern, sehingga ongkos produksi bioetanol akan lebih murah dari teknologi konvensional yang ada,” kata Nuryanti seperti dilansir situs Kementan, Selasa (26/3).

Chemical Business Global Kao Corporation menyampaikan hasil riset yang sejauh ini terbukti mampu menghasilkan enzim serta dapat mengubah onggok ubi kayu menjadi biofuel. “Teknologi ini yang kami tawarkan untuk diterapkan di Indonesia. Terlebih, pemanfaatan onggok ubikayu untuk industri di Indonesia belum maksimal. Padahal, teknologi tersebut memiliki nilai tambah yang tinggi,” kata Hiro- shi Hashimoto. Chemical Business Global Kao Corporation tertarik menggandeng mitra sebagai pemasok bahan baku biofuel. Nantinya, pola penerapan dilakukan dengan cara menghubungkan industri hilir yang telah siap menjadi mitra pengolah biofuel yang dihasilkan. “Terus terang, sejauh ini kami kesulitan meyakinkan calon mitra kami untuk bergabung mengolah onggok ini menjadi biofuel. Selama ini, mereka jual onggok ke pabrik pakan ternak. Kami tahu investasi ini tergolong baru dan mahal. Tapi, Indonesia akan menjadi lokasi pertama investasi biochemical industry kami. Kami ingin Anda meyakinkan mereka untuk menerima kami sebagai mitranya,” kata Hiroshi Hashimoto.

Takehiro Tsutsumi menambahkan, biofuel adalah bahan baku biopolietilen (green plastic) yang memiliki kinerja ramah lingkungan. Sejauh ini, sampah plastik menjadi masalah karena menimbulkan polusi di tanah maupun perairan. “Tapi, jika mereka setuju, kami telah siap mengolahnya. Investasi ini secara keseluruhan bukan hanya bermotif ekonomi, namun didorong oleh kepedulian terhadap kelestarian lingkungan hidup,” kata dia. Kementan juga merilis, Ogawa Co Ltd juga dikabarkan akan terlibat dalam rencana investasi di Indonesia. Ogawa Co Ltd mempunyai anak perusahaan di Indonesia bernama PT Ogawa Indonesia yang berdiri pada 1995 dan berlokasi di Karawang. Produk yang diproduksi di Indonesia merupakan bahan baku wewangian yang memperoleh Halal Assurance System (HAS) untuk produk flavors, flavor powders, emulsion flavors, extracts, dan fragrances. PT Ogawa Indonesia juga mengolah produk kosher (halal) yang lain untuk di- pasarkan ke negara-negara di kawasan Asean khususnya dan Asia pada umumnya. “Secara garis besar, Ogawa Co Ltd bermaksud menjalin kerja sama dengan petani di Indonesia untuk membudidayakan 40 tanaman herbal yang akan diambil kulit atau bunganya guna diekstrak menjadi minyak atsiri sebagai bahan baku wewangian di PT Ogawa Indonesia,” kata Takehiro Tsutsumi. Jenis tanaman yang akam ditanam antara lain thai lime (jeruk nipis), teratai, cengkih, jinten, jintan, pandan, lada hitam, vetiver, kakao, nilam, serai, davana, kapulaga, ketumbar, marigold, kenikir, raspberry (frambos), lavender, mawar, geranium, mint, eceng gondok, sage, rosemary, jeruk nipis besar, hyssop, gaharu, melaleuca alternifolia, kamomil, ylang ylang, jahe, neroli (jeruk), juniper berry, serai wangi, kemangi, galbanum, dan fenugreek. “Kami mohon dibantu dihubungkan dengan petani di Indonesia. Bibit dan varietas yang digunakan sepenuhnya kami serahkan kepada petani anda. Tapi, jika tidak memungkinkan menanam, kami juga bisa membeli produk yang sudah ada. Misalnya jeruk nipis dan kami hanya perlu kulitnya untuk kami ekstrak,” katanya. Terkait hal itu, Nuryanti menjelaskan, jenis tanaman yang diperlukan tersebut sebagian besar adalah tanaman biofarmaka atau herbal yang termasuk hortikultura dan sebagian lagi jenis tanaman penyegar termasuk perkebunan. “Untuk jenis biofarmaka kami ada Kontak Bisnis Hortikultura Indonesia (KBHI). Mereka siap bekerja sama dengan mereka. Kami perlu rincian kapasitas produksi, opsi plasma produsen atau pemasok, harga pembelian, dan juga kontrak kerjasama antara pihak Ogawa dan calon mitra,” Nuryanti.

Investor Daily Indoensia | Rabu, 27 Maret 2019

Palm oil and coconut: Strategy to face EU’s RED II proposal

A recent initiative from the European Union to adopt Renewable Energy Directive II (RED II) has angered Indonesia and Malaysia, the two biggest exporting countries of palm oil. The RED II initiative sets a renewable energy target of at least 32 percent for ET members by 2030. In the document, biofuels are listed as part of the Kl “s strategy to increase renewable energy utilization in the economic bloc However, in order to achieve the target. RED 11 includes new frameworks and rules lo ensure thai biofuels are sustainable and do not cause deforestation from indirect change ofland use of rain forests or grasslands. The EU argues that the expansion of Palm Oil plantation in Indonesia has Dntributcd to 45 percent of deforestation in the country. Altering high carbon stock ar-into plantations has had a negative impact on biodiversity and created more greenhouse among other things. Kor this reason, the EU classifies Palm Oil as an unsustainable source of bio-tuels. I tt he initiative is agreed In-the EU Parliament and El” Council, the economic bloc will start to reduce Palm Oil use for biofuel in I .uni completely phase it out by 2030. Indonesia has anticipated these future obstacles by Increasing domestic consumption and initiating a moratorium on Palm Oil plantation expansion last year. The mandatory 20 percent mini- mum proportion of vegetable oil in biodiesel seems effective to boost domestic consumption of Palm Oil and ease pressure on the trade balance deficit. Presidential Instruction No. 8/2018 halts all new proposals to open Palm Oil plantations and evaluates the existing ones as to whether they are located in conservation areas or not.

The government conducted those efforts, combined with all negotiation channels in ASEAN and the World Trade Organization (WTO), to convince Indonesia\’s strategic partners that it is too early to classify Palm Oil as an unsustainable source of biofuel. Moreover, the declining price and rising stock of Palm Oil have pushed the government to implement a minimum 30 percent biodiesel mixture (B30) policy. This action was followed by Malaysia, which aims to achieve B20 biodiesel by 2020. The reason why the government is spending a lot of energy to counter the EU\’s proposal is because the Palm Oil industry in Indonesia plays a vital role for economic growth, poverty alleviation and income distribution. The total land area used for Palm Oil was approximately 12.3 million hectares in 2017, contributing 4.2 million direct and 12 million indirect jobs. Palm oil has also become Indonesia\’s top export commodity, and the EU is the country\’s second-biggest export market after India and above China. Palm Oil export to the EU was US$2.8 billion in 2017, equal to 15.1 percent of Indonesia\’s total export of Palm Oil that year.

About 46 percent of imported Palm Oil worldwide went to biofuel, and the rest was for cooking oil and industrial use as well electricity and heating. Therefore, the proposal to scrap Palm Oil as a biofuel in EU member countries will significantly impact Indonesia\’s Palm Oil industry. Another option for the government is to seek alternative products for export that have the same potential as palm oil. Looking at coconut-related commodities could be the answer. Coconut trees live longer at 50 years and are therefore a cheaper in-\ est ment. The commodity is also easy to take care of as it flourishes in tropical countries, such as Indonesia. Coconut and its product derivatives have gained global popularity. Indonesia exported more than $550 million worth of coconuts to the EU in 2017, a 26.4 percent increase as the demand continues to grow. However, domestically, the area of coconut plantations in Indonesia is shrinking, from almost 4 million ha in 2003 to 3.5 million ha in 2017. This trend was also reflected irt total production, with Indonesia only producing 2.8 million tons of coconuts in the same year..

Nonetheless, there is a big discrepancy with the data from the L\’nited Nations\’ Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO), which recorded 19.1 million tons of coconut production in 2014. This is probably the same old problem of the country lacking correct measurement of the total area and production of agriculture and plantation-based commodities. Aside from that, Indonesia is one of the top three producers of coconut along with the Philippines and India. The opportunity\’ to export coconut is wide open as worldwide demand is projected to reach $6 billion in 2020, according to food and beverages consultant Zenith Global. The growing demand is also shown by an increase of 88 percent in coconut water brands launched from 2011 to 2015. The surge in demand has led to more than 10 billion coconuts being harvested per year for beverages. The source of demand comes from Asia and developed countries such as the United States, the United Kingdom and also the EU. ln the UK, for example, there were 40 brands of coconut water sold in 2015, with total sales reaching more than 100 million pounds (S132.4 million). The US is another potential market with sales of coconut water reaching $800 million in 2015.

Indonesia can tap into this op- portunity and develop an export strategy for coconut water as well as coconut derivative products, such as virgin coconut oil and copra. However, one weakness of coconut compared to palm is a longer time to wait before harvest. While palm trees can be harvested every 3-month period, coconut farmers need to wait up to 8 months until it is ready for the next cycle of harvest. Considering this characteristic of coconut, the government can provide some incentives and technical assistance for big and small players. As the commodity has the potential to become the next top export commodity for Indonesia, local coconut producers can be given incentives in investment, particularly tax holidays, in order to attract new investors. Existing coconut plantation players should also be eligible for the incentives in order to support transformation of unproductive Palm Oil plantations into coconut-based areas. Having two main export commodities is absolutely better than relying on only one. However, developing and promoting a coconut export-orientated industry is a medium-term strategy. In the short term, it is still worth the government trying to gather international support to face the headwinds in the Palm Oil market coming from the EU\’s proposal.

Tempo | Selasa, 26 Maret 2019

Di Dumai, Jokowi Janjikan Serap Sawit untuk Biodiesel B50

Calon presiden nomor urut 01, Joko Widodo atau Jokowi, memberi satu hadiah dan dua janji khusus bagi masyarakat Riau. Hal ini ia sampaikan saat kampanye terbuka di Lapangan Bukit Gelanggang, Kota Dumai, Riau, Selasa, 26 Maret 2019. Jokowi, yang juga calon presiden inkumben ini, menyatakan telah menyetujui beroperasinya rute Kapal Roll On-Roll Off (RoRo) Dumai-Malaka. Ia menyatakan mendapat laporan jika proses pengoperasian kapal RoRo tersebut tak kunjung rampung. “Saya sampaikan saya setujui, saya ACC hari ini,” ujarnya. Selain itu, Jokowi menjanjikan bakal melanjutkan pembangunan jalur kereta api rute Labuan Batu, Sumatera Utara-Dumai, Riau. “Saya sampaikan segera dilanjutkan,” katanya. Terakhir Jokowi menyatakan pemerintah saat ini telah menerapkan kebijakan Biodiesel dengan campuran Kelapa Sawit sebesar 50 persen atau B50. Jumlah ini meningkat dari kebijakan sebelumnya yang hanya 20 persen atau B20. Menurut Jokowi, kebijakan B50 ini untuk menyalurkan produksi kelapa sawit yang tinggi di Riau. “Sekarang sudah menginjak B50, bukan B20, sudah ada MOU, dan PT Pertamina tinggal pelaksanaan. Ini akan memperluas lapangan pekerjaan di daerah-daerah yang ada kelapa sawitnya,” kata dia.Janji-janji yang Jokowi lontarkan ke hadapan ribuan pendukungnya itu mendapat sambutan meriah. Ribuan warga bersorak dan mengelu-elukan nama Jokowi. “Jokowi… Jokowi… Jokowi…,” kata mereka.

https://pilpres.tempo.co/read/1189460/di-dumai-jokowi-janjikan-serap-sawit-untuk-biodiesel-b50/full&view=ok