Nurturing the Future with Renewable Energy
Global warming is one of the most crucial environmental problems caused by high levels of gas emissions resulting from human activities. One of the biggest contributions is the not so environmentally friendly energy use from fossil fuels that mostly comes from the transportation sector. Based on Climate Transparency 2020 data, the transportation sector accounts for 27 percent of Indonesia’s energy sector emissions. Energy sector emissions account for more than 40 percent of total emissions. So, should we continue to depend on fossil fuels and contribute more to gas emissions?
We must agree that it’s about time for us to gradually switch to renewable energy, such as biodiesel. In Indonesia, biodiesel research started to develop in the 1990s. This research examines biodiesel production from various raw materials, such as palm oil, used cooking oil, jatropha and other vegetable oils. Palm oil is appointed to be the main commodity of biodiesel raw material because Indonesia’s CPO production is abundant, even oversupply. In addition, this biofuel is considered to have lower emissions than fossil energy.
Indonesia is rich in land and natural resources spread throughout the country. There are many other renewable energy potentials that can be utilized, such as solar power or steam power. However, these two energy sources can only be utilized locally. Biodiesel is superior to other renewable energy sources, because palm oil, which will be processed into biodiesel, can be transported from one place to another, from Sabang to Merauke, so it can be utilized throughout the country.
With all the advantages that biodiesel has to offer, the Indonesian government fully supports the transition to renewable energy, one of which is by issuing a policy of the Biodiesel Mandatory Program. The program requires a gradual implementation process, starting with the B2.5 program to the successful B20 Mandatory Program that’s being implemented in all sectors thanks to the Indonesian government, researchers and investors with their commitment to support the program. The success story continues with the B30 Program in which every diesel must be mixed with 30% biodiesel. This mandatory program has proven to make a significant contribution in reducing diesel import, as well as, reducing greenhouse gas emissions.
“Memelihara Masa Depan dengan Energi Terbarukan” Instagram Live by @aprobi.id
“Biodiesel, Jejak Panjang Sebuah Perjuangan” book, Badan Litbang ESDM